southern rhône wine map

I adore vino so much I even married a winemaker. In most cases, Northern Rhône appellations allow many fewer varieties than those of Southern Rhône. All great wine is made in the vineyard and that starts with the grapes. If Syrah is the big boy of the North, Grenache is the King in the South and forms the foundation of the area’s popular blends. Find out more about me. The Rhône is generally divided into two sub-regions with distinct vinicultural traditions, the Northern Rhône (referred to in French as Rhône septentrional) and the Southern Rhône (in French Rhône méridional). The “Roasted Slope” is home to some of the steepest vineyards in all of France. With its hot climate, abundant sunshine and the Dentelle Mountains to protect vineyards from the Mistral, the predominately red wines from Gigondas are full, earthy and aromatic. The whites are harder to find and were once the favorite of the Russian nobility. Quick Links Southern Rhône 2016: Full report | White Southern Rhône – panel tasting results The differing terroirs, together with the rugged landscape which partly protects the valleys from the Mistral, produce microclimates which give rise to a wide diversity of wines. As in the Northern Rhône, the Southern Rhône escaped major frost damage in late April, though some small parcels with poor air drainage were hit. Sharp, flat slabs of limestone called “Les Vestide”, pebbly soils “Vallongue:” and “Olivet”, a mixture of sand and stone. Keep an eye out for labels bearing one of the 21 villages that are allowed to declare their names. Named after the Latin for “Valley of the Rocks”, the Vacqueryras lie next to Gigondas. Terroirs, soils, climate, grape varieties and aromas ... discover, if you were, the appellations of the Rhône Valley! The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. Each contributes its own influence to the wines, creating Rose with a deep pink hue, lots of red fruits, berry and stone fruit flavors. The name Côtes du Rhône comes from public administration in the Middle Ages and was the name (Côte without 's') of a district in the Gard département. Tavel is an appellation of the southern Rhône valley, unique in its specialization in dry rosé wines. That’s dedication. From north to south the appellations in the northern Rhône are: Northern Rhône reds are often identified by their signature aromas of green olive and smoky bacon. The southern Rhône's most famous red wine is Châteauneuf-du-Pape, a blend containing up to 19 varieties of wine grapes (ten red and nine white) as permitted by the Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC rules. Côtes du Rhône AOC is an AOC that covers both the northern and southern sub-regions of Rhône. Côtes du Rhône are the basic AOC wines of the Rhône region, and exist as red , white and rosé wines, generally dominated by Grenache for reds and rosés, or Grenache blanc for whites. The prestigious Northern Rhône appellations account for less than 5% of the total Rhône wine production.[5]. In 1737 the King decreed that all casks destined for resale should be branded C.D.R. map below shows the Crozes-Hermitage vineyards in yellow, Hermitage in green and the southern part of St. Joseph, on the opposite bank of the Rhône, in orange. Typically it is only used if the wine does not qualify for an appellation that can command a higher price. Others that the grape came 50 years later when Greeks fled from the Persian king Cyrus I. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. Robinson, Jancis (2006). Southern Rhone Complete Guide to the best Wines Wineries Appellations. Fortified wines (vin doux naturel) are made in the Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOC and Rasteau AOCs. Excess wines of the lowest quality, Vin de Table, occasionally become part of the wine lake and are reprocessed into industrial alcohol. This page is a complete guide to all the top wines, wineries, wine makers and appellations in the Southern Rhone Valley.. In 2004 ten new appellations were officially added to the Rhône region, 9 in the Gard and one in the Vaucluse, which largely parallel the wines of Southern Rhône proper, while two appellations were discontinued for reasons of reforesting and urban encroachment.[8]. Cairanne is a delightful village set on a rocky outcrop, offering visitors an irresistible range of luscious red and white wines. Côtes du Rhône is south-east France's warmer, richer, spicier answer to the dry austerity of AC Bordeaux. Rhône is ready to welcome you to the wines of France. Accounting for 50% of the valley’s production, this is the ‘entry level’ classification. For wines bearing the Cornas AOC designation, Syrah must be used exclusively, whereas other reds from the northern Rhône sub-region may be blended with white wine grapes, either Viognier or Marsanne and Roussanne, depending on the appellation. The Northern and Southern Rhône are unique, each with vastly different geography, climate, soils and grape varieties, but share one thing in common – the Rhône River. Map of the Rhône Valley wine region in France. Famous the world over, the wines from Hermitage come from the small vineyards overlooking the village of Tain-l’Hermitage. The next step up the wine ‘pyramid’, the village wines are a bit more complex with lower yields and slightly higher alcohol. In 1650, to guard against forgeries a set of rules was passed in an attempt to guarantee the origin of the wine. Today, the Rhône River begins in the Alps and meanders for 505 miles to the Mediterranean Sea. definition.[3]. Wine Folly does a nice job of breaking this down here and here is a lovely map illustrating the appellations of the Rhône Valley. Only reds are produced here, from Grenache and Syrah or Mourvedre. [4] Those vineyard owners which do not vinify their wines themselves deliver their grapes in bulk either to a winemaking cooperative, of which there are 103 in the region, or sell them to one of the 51 négociants (wine producers and merchants) who blend, distribute, and export on an industrial scale. The southern sub-region produces an array of red, white and rosé wines, often blends of several grapes such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape. The origins of the two most important grape varieties in the northern Rhone (Syrah and Viognier) have in the past been subject to speculation. Condrieu (Con-dree-euh) and the tiny vineyards of Château Grillet are best known for the luscious wines of Viognier. The Rhone Valley is a huge, diverse, viticultural area. Viticultural Areas Northern Rhône Southern Rhône Die Print Edition Durable, water and tear resistant polyart high density paper. Yet others suggested the grape came from the Sicilian city of Syracuse, whence circa 280 AD the Romans brought it and the Viognier grape. Whites, reds and roses and home of Truffles! Gigondas. To this day, Tavel is synonymous with Rose-in fact they have dubbed themselves “Le Roi des Rosés” – “ The King of Roses”. In 1446 the city of Dijon forbade all wines from Lyon, Tournon and Vienne, arguing that they were "très petits et pauvres vins" – very small and miserable wines. Syrah loves the well draining granite soils and soaks up the sun on the south facing slopes. Such changes of borders between wine regions are very rare. Syrah is the only red grape variety permitted in red AOC wines from this sub-region. Châteauneuf-du-Pape was the very first French wine … Includes: Map Print, care notes, and satisfaction guarantee. Again, not the least expensive of wines but something to savor – heady apricot, floral notes and a rich honeyed mouthfeel. The vineyards are located on both sides of the river between Vienne and Avignon, just south of Lyon. The vineyards lie on extremely steep slopes on either side of a deep valley, creating a slightly warmer microclimate, giving us zesty sparklers made in the traditional Champenoise method. Nicole Rolet. The winds are always followed by clear bright skies, providing abundant sunshine for the vines. The fruits that are grown on the côtes, or hillsides, of the Rhone River Valley, are turned into the approachable and affordable Cotes du Rhone wines (and maybe a bit of Beaumes de Venise in the higher elevations). In 2004, Costières de Nîmes AOC, which previously had been counted as part of eastern Languedoc, was also attached to the Rhône wine region. Rhône does not have an official classification using "Grand cru", or similar terms, in contrast to Bordeaux or Burgundy. These wines usually do not conform to the rules of a VDQS or AOC. These are more similar to the wines of Provence. at four levels of altitude as the land rises up from the Rhone River. (You might need your magnifying specs for this one). Domaine des Carabiniers Lirac rouge (Biodynamic Wine) Grenache noir : 60%, Syrah : 25%, Cinsault : 15%. Mistral winds blow at an average speed of 60 mph (hurricanes start at 70!) Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. The first cultivated vines in the region were probably planted around 600 BC. During the middle ages, the south of France was a popular holiday retreat for the Popes and they loved the refreshing rose wines that came from this region – so much so that they decreed that nothing else should be produced. This is another ancient region, settled by the Greeks and home to the famous sweet wine “Muscat de Beaumes de Venise”. Drought can be a problem in the area, but limited irrigation is permitted. Other appellations falling outside the main Rhône area in terms of wine styles but administratively within it are Clairette de Die AOC, Crémant de Die AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Luberon AOC, Ventoux AOC, Côtes du Vivarais AOC. Their rosé is a classic southern Rhône blend of 65% Grenache, 30% Syrah and 5% Cinsault and it spent a very short time in oak barrels to add complexity. If you didn’t already know, these 19 crus represent Côtes du Rhône’s top wine-growing zones. Look for famous names like Chapoutier, Jaboulet and Cave de Tain. Originally recognized as Coteaux de Tricistan in 1973, this region was allowed to change its name in 2012. Several wineries produce wines from organically cultivated vines that, provided they comply with the rules for varieties, plant spacing, pruning and maximum yield, are admitted in the AOC. The early season, though, meant that heavy rain in May caused extensive coulure for the ever-sensitive Grenache, with … The various AOC wines of the Rhône Valley region are produced by over 6,000 wine growing properties including 1,837 private wineries and 103 cooperatives. Spicy, earthy, chocolatey and deep, these are wines made for aging, if you can resist! Named after famous Mount Ventoux, this region gives us bold wines that really show their terroir – reds with lots of pepper, spice and dark fruit, aromatic whites and full bodied rosé. Located in the northern section of the southern Rhone, The Côte de Vivarais produces robust Syrah and Grenache dominant blends, deep roses and fresh mineral-driven white wines. The same is true of the Northern Rhone. https://recipes.howstuffworks.com/food-facts/rhone-valley-wine-region.htm The steep slopes of the northern Rhône Valley account for just 5 percent of the region’s total wine production, while the southern Rhône Valley produces the vast majority. The vineyards are planted on steep hillsides that are terraced with man-made walls of local river rocks called ‘restanque’. Great with everyday meals, they are eminently drinkable and can be enjoyed without years of aging. 572-4. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Provence is located on the Mediterranean coast at the southern end of the Rhone Valley. There are, however, differences between the Rhône AOCs regarding their geographical delineation and naming practices, which, in turn, provide a classification into four distinct categories: Different grape varieties are allowed in the different Rhône appellations; a few appellations are single variety appellations, while the regional Côtes du Rhône appellation allow 21 different varieties. Many private wineries also produce wines including sparkling wines and fortified wines, single varietals - particularly from the Syrah grape - and even brandies. The biggest area in terms of production, Crozes-Hermitage often lies in the shadow of the famous ‘Hermitage’ AOC that it surrounds. The Diois (Dee-wah) is an isolated region about 30 miles east of the Rhone River. In that year, INAO moved the responsibility for oversight of this appellation's wine to the regional committee of the Rhône valley. Like every wine region, the wines of the Rhone Valley obtain their special qualities and unique flavor profile from their terroir, climate, choices made by the wine maker and of course, the Rhone Valley wine grapes planted in the vineyards. Red wines are the most plentiful; Grenache and Cinsault with Mourvedre, Syrah and other sanctioned reds, producing wines that are full and aromatic with spicy dark fruits balanced with acidity and minerality. With a more Mediterranean influence, the sunny hot weather produces wines that are deep and bold, with lots of black fruit, leather and licorice. This is the largest AOC and accounts for two thirds of Rhone production. Viognier by itself is used for white wines from Condrieu and Château-Grillet. [3] In France‘s Rhone Valley you’ll find 98% of the wines are either red or rose, although there are a few whites here and there. It’s notable in that it has the highest vineyards in France (2800 feet). The northern sub-region produces red wines from the Syrah grape, sometimes blended with up to 20% of white wine grapes, and white wines from Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier grapes. The most famous of the AOC’s of the Rhône Valley is Châteauneuf-du-Pape. It runs along the Rhône River from Beaujolais all the way to the Mediterranean Sea, where it intersects with the regions of Provence to the southeast and Languedoc to the southwest. The southern Rhône produces over 95% of the region’s wine output, including almost all Côte du Rhône as well as more prestigious appellations such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and Vacqueyras. This map was created by a user. Higher altitudes and variety of soil types result in red wines that are dark and inky with black cherry, jammy fruit and lots of tannin. Red Côtes du Rhône is usually dominated by Grenache. The southern Rhône sub-region has a more Mediterranean climate with milder winters and hot summers. The wines are Grenache dominant with aromas of small red fruits and violets that age into licorice, pepper and spice. Check out wines from these ‘satellites’ too: Slightly cooler thanks to sea breezes from the Mediterranean, this area produces whites, reds and roses that are big on fragrance, lower in tannin and very quaffable. Wine has been made here for over 2,600 years, making it the oldest destination on the French wine regions map – and it is the only region that dedicates almost all of its production to rose. Since about 1998 Viognier is increasingly being used and is also appearing as a single varietal. The wines of the Rhône Valley are divided into four levels: Discover the wines and regions of France's Rhône Valley wine region. A feature of the cultivation of the region is the use of large pebbles around the bases of the vines to absorb the heat of the sun during the day to keep the vines warm at night when, due to the cloudless skies, there is often a significant drop in temperature. Whites make up a small 6% of production but are worth trying. You’ll also encounter Mourvedre, Cinsault, Counoise, Carignan, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Clairette, Bourboulenc and a host of minor players. This is the birthplace of Syrah and where many wine lovers find it reaches its height of expression – full bodied, savory, and elegant. [6] Other nearby AOC regions including Côtes du Vivarais AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Lirac AOC, Tavel AOC, Vacqueyras AOC, and Ventoux AOC may contain even more varieties in the blend. They speak of the warm southern climate – honeysuckle, stone fruits and melon, backed with refreshing minerality. [2] Rhône reappeared in the 13th century when the Popes and their considerable purchasing power moved to Avignon, at which time the production of wine expanded greatly. Tavel AOC, produced in the special microclimate of the sillon rhodanien (the furrow of the Rhône) by some thirty producers including Château d'Aqueria, Domaine Maby, Domaine de la Mordorée, Domaine Pelaquier, is an elite rosé only, which has been referred to as 'the wine of kings". Another unique characteristic of these wines are the nuances of Garrigue – the wild resinous herbs that cover the landscape. Considered a little brother to Châteauneuf-du-Pape, the wine is moderately prestigious and can age well when treated with care. If you would like to read more about label buying, click here. The summers are long and warm and the winters are mild; rainfall is less than in the north and the famous Mistral Wind is a major player. This is the home of Viognier and at one time was the only place to find it. Just over 100 years later, wines from the 'left' bank were included in the C.D.R. But it was the Romans who really established the vineyards and reputation of the area using the Rhône as their highway through France (and planting a few vineyards along the way). The grape, which is believed to have originated in or close to the Rhône region, is also widely known as Shiraz, its name in Australia and much of the English-speaking world, and has recently become very popular with consumers around the world. Lush, black fruits with a generous ripe and meaty note. Learn how to create your own. In many appellation regulations, a division is made into main grape varieties (indicated by "M"), supplementary varieties (indicated by "S"), and accessory varieties (indicated by "(A)"). Marsanne and Roussanne are in turn used for the whites from Crozes-Hermitage, Hermitage, Saint Joseph, and Saint Péray. The excess production of many domains and cooperatives is released as Vin de Pays which are marketed as Vin de Pays du Gard, Vin de Pays de Vaucluse, etc., or are sold to blenders of wine from the European Union, and mass food distribution for sale as own brands. Its climate is influenced by the mistral wind, which brings colder air from the Massif Central. In no particular order: These 17 distinctive crus of the Rhône Valley – 8 in the north and 9 in the south – truly express their individual “terroir” and are responsible for about 20% of the Rhône wine production. The whites are fresh with subtle fruit and floral notes, while the Syrah is lovely and perfumey with dark berries and a bit of licorice. The Roman legions knew about the great wines from this area! Gigondas AOC, on the other hand, is predominantly made from Grenache noir has a more restricted set of permitted grapes. This nevertheless makes it the most commonly known, produced, and distributed appellation of the region. The wines were traded to such a degree that the Duke of Burgundy banned import and export of non-Burgundian wines. The Cotes du Rhone wine road winds through the South of France from Avignon through valleys and along hills covered by terraced vineyards and punctuated by old stone villages. Northern Rhône is therefore cooler than southern Rhône, which means that the mix of planted grape varieties and wine styles are slightly different. Châteauneuf-du-Pape is considered –by most– to be the benchmark of the Southern Rhône. The Oxford Companion to Wine (3rd Ed. ), pp. Probably the most striking feature is the steepness of the hillsides. In 2005, the region was sanctioned for still red wines from Grenache and Syrah that are full of deep fruits and spice. Official Rhône wine trade association website, "Cairanne promoted to Côtes du Rhône cru - Decanter", JORF n°177 du 1 août 2004 page 13753 texte n° 25: Arrêté du 19 juillet 2004 relatif à la composition des comités régionaux vins et eaux-de-vie de l'Institut national des appellations d'origine, AOC regulations for Condrieu, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Château-Grillet, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Cornas, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côte-Rôtie, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Hermitage, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Crozes-Hermitage, version 29 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Joseph, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Péray, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Beaumes de Venise, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Châteauneuf-du-Pape, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Gigondas, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Lirac, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Rasteau, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Tavel, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Vacqueyras, version 14 October 2009, Les Vins des Côtes du Rhône - Côtes du Rhône official site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhône_wine&oldid=998671675, France articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 14:00. Although the Rhône is considered one wine region, it can effectively be split into two distinct parts based on climate and grape varieties used. From Lyon to the Camargue region, passing through the regions of Provence and the Luberon, discover the region’s rich history and taste the range of Rhône wines. The vineyards are planted with nine varieties in three distinct soil types: This was the very first AOC to be recognized when the system was instituted in 1936. The sheer beauty of the hillsides of the Southern Rhone valley is breathtaking. The vineyards are planted with 14 varietals (18 if you count the variations!) Map of Cornas with detail of lieux dits (vineyard names). Crossing the entire Rhone, the region draws its strength from its rich and powerful river that lends its character, as much as it sculpts its soil. White wines from the southern Rhône sub-region, such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape whites, are also typically blends of several wine grapes. Located just south of Lirac, Tavel’s vineyards date back to the Greek era and the 5th Century BC. As the Rhône River progresses southward, the valley widens and the climate changes. Get the James Beard Award-winning book! Major Southern Rhone Wine Appellations Chateauneuf-du-Pape: The most famous and regal of the southern Rhone appellations, Chateauneuf du Pape ("the new home of the pope") generally makes wines that fetch the highest prices, get the highest ratings and will age the longest of all these wines. Châteauneuf-du-Pape means “The Pope’s New Crib” The Catholic Church was the next main influence when Pope Clement V moved his headquarters from Rome to Avignon in 1309. Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wine Facts. River cruises are a popular way to experience these places in Europe. The Mistral is more than just a cold fierce wind that blows from the Northern seas, it’s an important part of the culture of southern France and Provence. 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